Commemorated on April 4
At a certain Palestinian monastery on the outskirts
of Caesarea there lived a saintly monk, Zosima. Having dwelt at the monastery
since his childhood, he asceticised at it until he reached age 53, when he was
disturbed by the thought: "Is there to be found in all the furthermost
wilderness some holy person surpassing me in spiritual sobriety and
Just hardly had he
thought this, when an Angel of the Lord appeared to him and said: "Thou,
Zosima, by human standards hath asceticised not badly, but of mankind there is
no one righteous (Rom. 3: 10). So that thou canst realise, how many there are of
others and of higher forms of salvation, come out from this monastery, like
Abraham from the house of his father (Gen. 12: 1), and go to the monastery
situated by the Jordan".
immediately left the monastery and following behind the Angel he went to the
Jordan monastery and settled in it.
Here he beheld
elders, truly radiant in their efforts. And Abba Zosima began to imitate the
holy monks in spiritual activity.
Thus passed much
time, and the holy Forty-Day Lent approached. At the monastery there existed a
custom, on account of which also God had led the Monk Zosima thither. On the
First Sunday (i.e. Forgiveness Sunday) starting the Great Lent the hegumen
served the Divine-liturgy, all communed the All-Pure Body and Blood of Christ,
and they partook afterwards of a small repast and then gathered again in
Having made prayer
and a due number of poklon-prostrations, the elders, having asked forgiveness
one of another, took blessing from the hegumen and during the common singing of
the Psalm "The Lord is my Light and my Saviour: whom shalt I fear? The Lord
is Defender of my life: from what shalt I be afraid?" (Ps. 26 : 1),
they opened the monastery gate and went off into the wilderness.
Each of them took
with him a modest amount of food, such as needed it, while some however took
nothing into the wilderness and fed on roots. The monks went about beyond the
Jordan and spread out as far as possible, so that no one might see, how anyone
fasted or asceticised.
When Great Lent drew
to a close, the monks returned to the monastery on Palm Sunday with the fruit
of their labour (Rom. 6: 21-22), having tested out their own conscience (1 Pet.
3: 16). And as regards this, no one asked anything, how anyone had toiled or
made their effort.
And this year Abba
Zosima also, in the monastery custom, went about beyond Jordan. He wanted to go
deep into the wilderness, so as to find there any saints and great elders, both
saving themselves there and praying for the world.
He went on into the
wilderness for 20 days and then, when he sang the Psalms of the 6th Hour and
made the usual prayers, suddenly on the right side from him there appeared as
it were the shadow of an human form. He took fright, thinking that it might be
a demonic apparition, but then having made over himself the Sign of the Cross,
he put aside the fear and finishing his prayer, he turned towards the side of
the shadow and saw going through the wilderness a bare human form, the body of
which was black from the blazing sunlight, and the faded short hair was
whitened, like a sheep's fleece. Abba Zosima rejoiced, since for all these days
he had not seen any living thing, and immediately he turned towards his right side.
But just only as the
naked wilderness-dweller perceived Zosima approaching, it immediately attempted
to flee from him. Abba Zosima, forgetting his aches of age and fatigue,
quickened his pace. But soon seeing the impossibility of gaining the upper hand
he halted and began tearfully to implore the departing ascetic: "Why dost
thou, saving thyself in this wilderness, flee from me, a sinful elder? Approach
me, though I be incapable and unworthy, and grant me thine holy prayer and
blessing, for the sake of the Lord, Who disdained no one ever".
The stranger, without
turning, cried out to him: "Excuse me, Abba Zosima, but I cannot turn
about and show my face to thee: for I am a woman, and as thou wouldst see,
there is upon me no sort of garb for the covering of bodily bareness. But if
thou wouldst to pray for me, a great and woesome sinner, throw thine own cloak
to cover me, and then I can approach thee for blessing".
"She would not
know me by name, save that through holiness and unknown deeds she hath acquired
the gift of perspicacity from the Lord", perceived Abba Zosima, and he
proceeded to fulfill that asked of him.
Covered by the cloak,
the ascetic turned to Zosima: "Why thinkest thou, Abba Zosima, to speak
with me, a woman sinful and unwise? What is it that thou dost wish to learn
from me, and in sparing no strength thou didst exert such efforts?"
He however, having
bent down upon his knees, asked blessing of her. At this point she likewise
bent down before him, and for a long time they both each implored the other:
"Bless". Finally the woman ascetic said: "Abba Zosima, it
becometh thee to bless and to make the prayer, since thou art honoured with the
dignity of presbyter and for many years, standing before the altar of Christ,
thou hast offered up to the Lord the Holy Gifts".
frightened the Monk Zosima all the more. With a deep gasp he answered her:
"O spiritual mother! Clearly of us two thou art the far closer to God and
mortified for this world. Thou hast known me by name and called me priest,
never before having seen me. It becometh thee therefore to bless me, for the
sake of the Lord".
Yielding finally to
the obstinance of Zosima, the Nun said: "Blessed is God, Who willeth the
salvation of all mankind". Abba Zosima answered: "Amen", and
they rose up from the ground. The woman ascetic again said to the elder:
"Why hast thou come, father, to me a sinner, bereft of every virtue?
Apparently, moreover, the grace of the Holy Spirit hath guided thee to do me
one service, needful for my soul. But tell me first, Abba, how now live the
Christians, how now thrive and prosper the Saints of God's Church?"
Abba Zosima answered
her: "By your holy prayers God hath granted the Church and us all an
effective peace. But thou who hast hearkened to the entreaty of an unworthy
elder, my mother, to have prayed on account of God for all the world and for me
a sinner, let not this wilderness meeting be for me to no avail".
The holy ascetic
answered: "It more becometh thee, Abba Zosima, having priestly rank, to
pray for me and for all. For this also was the dignity bestown thee. Moreover,
all thine request bid of me gladly wilt be fulfilled on account of obedience to
Truth and from purity of heart".
Having spoken thus,
the saint turned herself towards the East, and having lifted up her eyes and
raising up her hands to Heaven, she began to prayer in a whisper. The elder
beheld, how she stood in the air a cubit off the ground. Seeing this wondrous
vision, Zosima threw himself down prostrate, praying fervently and not daring
to say anything except "Lord, have mercy!"
The thought entered
his soul a premonition whether this might lead him into temptation? The
woman ascetic, having turned round, lifted him from the ground and said:
"Why do ponderings so trouble thee, Abba Zosima? I am no apparition. I
am a woman sinful and unworthy, though also guarded by holy Baptism".
Having said this, she
signed herself with the Sign of the Cross. Seeing and hearing this, the elder
fell with tears at the feet of the woman ascetic: "I beseech thee by
Christ our God, conceal not from me thine ascetic life, but bespeak it all, so
that it be made clear for God's majesty. Wherefore I do believe by the Lord my
God, by Whom thou also dost live, that for this I was sent into the wilderness,
so that all thine ascetic deeds be made manifest for the world".
And the holy ascetic
answered: "It distresses me, father, to relate to thee the shamelessness
of my deeds. Whereof thou mightest then flee from me, averting the eyes and
ears, as do they that flee the poisonous viper. But I shall tell thee
everything, father, being silent about nothing of my sins, thou however I
exhort thee, cease not to pray for me a sinner, that I be vested in boldness
for the Day of Judgement.
I was born in Egypt
and my parents being yet alive, and I being a twelve year old girl, I left them
and went to Alexandria. There I lost my chastity and gave myself over to
unrestrained and insatiable fornication. For more than seventeen years I
indulged licentiously and I did it all gratis. That I did not take money was
not because I was rich. I lived in poverty and worked at a spinning-wheel. I
thought, that all the meaning of life consisted in satisfying fleshly lust.
Living such a life, I
one time saw a crowd of people, from Libya and Egypt heading towards the sea,
so as to sail to Jerusalem for the feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross. I
too wanted to sail with them. But not because of Jerusalem and not because of
the feast, but simply, father, because there would be more people with
whom to indulge in depravity. And so I embarked on the ship.
Now, father, believe
me, I am very amazed, that the sea tolerated my wantonness and fornication,
that the earth did not open up its mouth and take me down alive into hell, so
enticed and lost a soul... But evidently, God desired my repentance, not the death
of the sinner, with long-suffering patience awaiting my conversion.
Thus I arrived in
Jerusalem and all the days prior to the feast were just like on the ship, spent
in obscene matters.
When the holy feast
of the Exaltation of the Venerable Cross of the Lord arrived, I went about as
before, for tempting the souls of youths to sin. Having seen, that everyone
very early was heading to the church, in which was situated the Life-Creating
Wood, I went along with everyone and went into the church portico area. When
the hour of the Holy Elevation drew nigh, I wanted to enter into the church
with all the people. With great effort shoving myself towards the doors, I the
wretch that I was, attempted to squeeze inside. But although I stepped up to
the threshold, it was as though some force of God held me back, not allowing me
to enter, and it threw me far off from the doors, whilst amidst this all the
people went in without hindrance. I thought that, perhaps, it was through
womanly weakness that I was not able to work my way into the crowd, and again I
attempted to elbow aside people and shove myself to the doors. However hard I
tried I could not enter in. Just only as my feet but touched the church
threshold, I was stopped. The church admitted everyone else, no one else was
prevented entering, while only I the wretch was not allowed in. Thus it went
for three or four times. My strength was exhausted. I went off and stood in a
corner of the church portico.
Here I came to sense,
that it was my sins that prevented me to see the Life-Creating Wood, the grace
of the Lord then touched my heart, I wept bitterly and in repentance I began to
beat at myself upon the bosom. Lifting up to the Lord groans from the depths of
my heart, I caught sight before me of an icon of the MostHoly Mother of God and
I turned to it with the prayer: "O Lady Virgin, having given birth in the
flesh to God the Word! I know, that I am unworthy to look upon Thine icon. It
would be mete for me, an hateful prodigal, to be cast off from Thine purity and
be for Thee an abomination, but I know also this, it was for this also that God
became Man, in order to call sinners to repentance. Help me, O All-Pure One,
that it be permitted me to enter into the church. Forbid me not to behold the
Wood, upon which in the flesh the Lord wast crucified, shedding His innocent
Blood also for me a sinner, to deliver me from sin. Do Thou command, O Lady,
that the doors of the Holy Veneration of the Cross be opened to me. Be Thou for
me the ardent Guide to He born of Thee. I promise Thee from this moment no more
yet to defile myself with any sort of fleshly defilement, but just as soon as I
but see the Wood of the Cross of Thy Son, I shalt immediately cut myself off
from the world, and go whither Thou as Guide shalt guide me".
And when I had prayed
thus, I sensed suddenly, that my prayer had been heard. In humbleness of faith,
trusting upon the Compassionate Mother of God, I again joined in with those
entering into the church, and no one thrust me back or prevented me from entering.
I went on in fear and trembling, lest I not reach it to the doors nor be
vouchsafed to behold the Life-Creating Cross of the Lord.
Thus I too perceived the
mysteries of God, that God is prepared to accept the repentant. I feel to the
earth, I prayed, I kissed the holy-things and emerged from the church, and I
hastened again to stand before my Guide, where I had given my vow. Bending on
my knees before the icon, I prayed thus before it:
"O our Beloved
Lady Mother of God! Thou hast not rejected my prayer as unworthy. Glory be to
God, accepting through Thee the repentance of sinners. It has become time for
me to fulfill the promise, in which Thou wert the Guide. Wherefore now, O Lady,
guide me on the pathway of repentance".
And herewith, not
even having ended my prayer, I heard a voice, as though speaking from afar:
"If thou pass over beyond Jordan, there wilt thou find the blessed
believed, that this voice was on my account, and with weeping I cried out to
the Mother of God: "Mistress Lady, forsake me not, defiled sinner that I
be, but help me", and immediately I went from the church portico and
proceeded along. A certain man gave me three coins of money. With them I bought
myself three loaves of bread and from the merchant I learned the way to the
In setting off I went
into the church of Saint John the Baptist near the Jordan. Having made
poklon-prostration before everything in the church, I immediately went down to
the Jordan and washed my face and hands with its water. Then in this same
temple of Saint John the Forerunner I communed the Life-Creating Mysteries of
Christ, I ate half of one of my loaves of bread, drank from the holy Jordan its
water and slept there the night on the ground at the church. In the morning I
found not far off a small craft, and I journeyed on it across the river to the
opposite shore, and again I prayed my Guide, that She would guide me as it
might please Her. And forthwith I came into this wilderness".
Abba Zosima asked the
Nun: "How many years is it, my mother, since he time when thou settled
into this wilderness?" "I think, answered she, 47 years have
elapsed, since I came from the Holy City".
Abba Zosima again
asked: "What hast thou or what is it thou findest here as food, my
mother?" And she answered: "I had with me two and an half loaves of
bread when I traversed the Jordan, gradually they dried out and hardened, and
eating little by little, for many years I ate from them".
Again Abba Zosima
asked: "Is it possible thou hast survived for so many years without
sickness? And received thou no sort of temptations from unexpected suggestions
and enticements?" "Believe me, Abba Zosima, answered the Nun,
I spent 17 years in this wilderness, literally like with wild beasts I
struggled with my thoughts... When I began to eat bread, immediately the
thought occurred about the meat and fish, towards which I was so attracted to
in Egypt. I desired also the wine, since I drank much of it when I was in the
world. Here indeed, not having often plain water and food, I fiercely suffered
from thirst and hunger. I endured even more powerful woes: the desire seized
upon me for lewd songs, I seemed to hear them, disturbing my heart and my
hearing. Weeping and striking myself on the breast, I remembered then the
promises I had given, going into the wilderness, given in front of the icon of
the MostHoly Mother of God, my Guide, and I cried, imploring that the thoughts
tearing at my soul be driven away. When repentance was perfected in the measure
of prayer and weeping, I beheld from me a radiant Light, and then in place of
my tempest a great quiet ensued.
thoughts, pardon, Abba, how shall I confess to thee? The fire of passion burned
within my heart and burned all over me, exciting lust. At the appearance of the
accursed thoughts I threw myself down on the ground and literally I saw, that
before me would stand the MostHoly Guide Herself and She would judge me, for
transgressing my given vows. Thus I did not get up, laying face downwards day
and night upon the ground, until repentance was made and that blessed Light
encircled me, dispelling the evil disturbances and thoughts.
Thus I lived in this
wilderness for the first seventeen years. Darkness after darkness, misery after
misery stood about me, a sinner. But from that time until now the Mother of
God, my Helper, guides me in everything".
Abba Zosima again
inquired: "How is it for thee that there is needed neither food, nor
"My bread ended, as I said, in those seventeen years. After that I began
to eat roots and that which one is able to find in the wilderness. The
clothing, which was upon me when I crossed over the Jordan, long ago shredded
and fell apart, and I had then much to endure and to suffer both from the
Summer heat, when the blazing heat fell upon me, and from the Winter, when I
shivered from the cold. How many a time I fell down upon the earth, as though
dead. How many a time in immeasurable struggle I dwelt with various
misfortunes, woes and temptations. But from that time until the present day the
power of God in unknown and manifold ways has watched over my sinful soul and
humble body. I was fed and covered by the utterance of God, comprising all
(Deut. 8: 3), since it is not by bread alone that man doth live, but by every
utterance of God (Mt. 4: 4, Lk. 4: 4), and not having the protection of rocks
to clothe themself in (Job 24: 8), if they do put off from themselves the garb
of sin (Col. 3: 9). When I remembered, from what evil and from what sins the
Lord delivered me, I found within this to be food inexhaustible".
When Abba Zosima
heard, that the holy ascetic spoke from memory from the Holy Scripture from
the Books of Moses and Job and from the Psalms of David, he then asked the
Nun: "Where, my mother, hast thou learned the Psalms and other
She smiled at hearing
this question, and answered thusly: "Believe me, O man of God, I have seen
no one human, besides thee, from the time when I crossed over the Jordan. I was
never earlier schooled in books, nor hearkened to church singing, nor Divine
studies. Perhaps it is that the Word of God Himself, the Living and
All-Creating, doth teach man everything intelligible (Col. 3: 16; 2 Pet. 1: 21;
1 Thes. 2: 13). However, enough still, I have confessed to thee all my life,
but the point with which I began I also end on: I charge thee by the
Incarnation of God the Word holy Abba, pray for me, a great sinner.
And I charge thee
furthermore by the Saviour, our Lord Jesus Christ that everything, which
thou hast heard from me, be not told to anyone until such time, when God shalt
take me from the earth. And do thou fulfill this also, which I herewith tell
thee. A year's time in future, during the Great Lent, come not across the
Jordan, as bids your monastery's custom".
Again Abba Zosima was
amazed, that the practice of his monastery was known to the holy woman ascetic,
although in front of her he had not mentioned nor said anything about this.
continued the Nun, at the monastery. Moreover, if thou intendest to exit
the monastery, thou wilt not be able to... And when there ensues holy Great
Thursday with the Sacramental-mystery of the Last Supper of the Lord, place in
an holy vessel the Life-Creating Body and Blood of Christ our God, and bring it
to me. Await me on this side of the Jordan, at the edge of the wilderness, so
that I in coming may commune the Holy Mysteries. And to Abba John, the hegumen
of your monastery community, say thus: attend to thyself and thine flock (Acts
20: 23; 1 Tim. 4: 16). I desire, however, that thou not say this to him now,
but when the Lord shalt indicate".
Having spoken thus
and having asked once more his prayer, the Nun turned and departed into the
depths of the wilderness.
A whole year the
elder Zosima dwelt in silence, not daring by the Lord to reveal about the
appearance to him, and he prayed diligently, that the Lord would grant him once
more to see the holy ascetic.
When again there
ensued the first week of holy Great Lent, the Monk Zosima because of sickness
was obliged to remain at the monastery. Then he remembered the prophetic words
of the Nun, that he would not be able to exit the monastery. After the passing
of several days the Monk Zosima was healed from his infirmity, but he remained
the whole time until Passion Week at the monastery.
The day of the
remembrance of the Last Supper came nigh. And then Abba Zosima fulfilled what
was commanded of him in late evening he emerged from the monastery towards
the Jordan and sat at the riverbank in expectation. The saint seemed tardy, and
Abba Zosima prayed God, that He would not deprive him of the meeting with the
Finally the Nun came
and stood at the far side of the river. Rejoicing, the Monk Zosima got up and
glorified God. But the thought then came to him: how could she get across the
Jordan without a boat? But the Nun, with the Sign of the Cross crossing over
the Jordan, quickly made her way over the water. When the elder wanted to make
prostration before her, she forbade him, crying out from amidst the river:
"What art thou doing, Abba? Thou art a priest bearing the great
Mysteries of God".
Having traversed the
river, the Nun said to Abba Zosima: "Bless me, father". He however
answered her with trembling, astonished at the wondrous vision: "Truly God
is not false, in promising to liken unto Him all that are cleansed, howsoever
this be possible with the dead. Glory to Thee, O Christ our God, having shown
me through Thine holy servant, how far I stand from the measure of
After this the Nun
asked him to recite both the "I believe" of the Creed and the
"Our Father". At the finish of the prayers, and having communed the
Awesome Sacred Mysteries of Christ, she raised her hands towards the heavens
and she pronounced the prayer of Saint Simeon the God-Receiver: "Lord, now
lettest Thou Thy servant depart in peace, for mine eyes hath seen Thy salvation".
Then again the Nun
turned towards the elder and said: "Please, Abba, do thou fulfill for me
yet another request. Go now to thy monastery, and in another year's time come
to that dried-out streambed where we the first time spoke". "If only it
were possible for me, answered Abba Zosima, to follow after thee
constantly, so as to see thine holiness!" The Nun again besought the
elder: "Pray, for the Lord's sake, pray for me and remember my woe".
And having signed the Jordan with the Sign of the Cross, she as before went
over the water and disappeared into the dark of the wilderness. The elder
Zosima returned to the monastery in spiritual rejoicing and trembling, but in
one thing he reproached himself, that he had not asked the name of the Nun. But
he hoped the following year finally to learn also her name.
A year passed, and
Abba Zosima again set out into the wilderness. Praying, he reached the
dried-out stream, on the Eastern side of which he saw the holy woman ascetic.
She lay dead, with arms folded on her bosom, as is proper, and her face was
facing the East. Abba Zosima washed with his tears her feet, not daring to
touch the body, for a long while he wept over the deceased ascetic and began to
sing the Psalms as are proper to grief over the death of the righteous, and
reciting the funeral prayers. But he had misgivings, whether it should please
the Nun, that he should bury her. Hardly had he but thought this, when he saw,
that which was traced out near her head: "Abba Zosima, bury on this spot
the body of humble Mary. Restore dust unto the dust. Pray the Lord for me,
having reposed the month of April the first day, on the very night of the
salvific sufferings of Christ, after the communing of the Divine Last
Having read this
inscription, Abba Zosima was astonished at first, who might have done this,
since the ascetic herself was unlettered. But he was glad finally to learn her
name. Abba Zosima realised, that the Nun Mary, having communed the Holy
Mysteries at Jordan from his hand, instantaneously had made her distant
wilderness journey, which he, Zosima, had taken twenty days to traverse, and
immediately she had expired to the Lord.
Glorifying God and
having washed with his tears the earth and the body of the Nun Mary, Abba
Zosima said to himself: "It is time already, Elder Zosima, to fulfill that
commanded of thee. But how wilt thou be able, thou wretch, to dig out the
grave, having nothing in thine hands?" Having said this, he saw not far
off in the wilderness a cast-aside piece of wood, and he took it and began to
dig. But the ground was very dry, and he could not much dig it, and drenched
with sweat he could do no more. Having straightened up, Abba Zosima saw at the
body of the Nun Mary an enormous lion, which licked at her feet. Terror seized
the elder, but he signed himself with the Sign of the Cross, believing that he
would remain unharmed through the prayers of the holy woman ascetic. Then the
lion began to fondle up to the elder, and Abba Zosima, emboldened in spirit,
commanded the lion to dig out the grave, so as to commit to earth the body of
Saint Mary. At his words the lion with its paws dug out a pit, in which the
body of the Nun was buried. Having fulfilled their bidding, each went their own
way: the lion into the wilderness, and Abba Zosima to the monastery,
blessing and praising Christ our God.
Having arrived at the
monastery, Abba Zosima related to the monks and the hegumen, what he had seen
and heard from the Nun Mary. All were astonished, hearing about the grandeur of
God, and with fear, faith and love they established it to make memory of the
Nun Mary and to honour the day of her repose. Abba John, the hegumen of the
monastery, at the words of the Nun Mary, and with the help of God corrected at
the monastery the things that were needed. Abba Zosima, living all the yet more
God-pleasing a life at the monastery and reaching nearly an hundred years of
age, finished there his temporal life, and crossed over into life eternal.
And thus there has
come down to us this wondrous account about the life of the Nun Mary of Egypt,
passed down through the ancient ascetics of the famed monastery of the holy
All-Praiseworthy Forerunner and Baptist of the Lord John, situated at the
Jordan. The account at first was not written down by them, but was reverently
passed on by the holy elders from teachers to their students.
says Sainted Sophronios, Archbishop of Jerusalem (Comm. 11 March), the
first transcriber of the Vita (Life), that which I in turn received from the
holy fathers, I have committed everything of it into the written account".
working great miracles and bestowing great gifts on all, that turn themselves
to Him in faith, may He reward also those honouring, and hearing, and
transmitting to us this account and vouchsafe us a blessed portion together
with Blessed Mary of Egypt and with all the Saints, pleasing unto God by
their thought and works throughout all the ages. Let us give glory to God the
King Eternal, that we be vouchsafed to find mercy on the Day of Judgement
through Christ Jesus Our Lord, to Whom becometh all glory, honour, majesty and
worship together with the Father, and the MostHoly and Life-Creating Spirit,
now and ever and unto ages of ages, Amen".
© 1996-2001 by translator Fr. S. Janos.