Commemorated on May 8, September 26
The Holy Apostle
and Evangelist John the Theologian occupies an unique place in the ranks of
the chosen disciples of Christ the Saviour. Often in iconography the Apostle
John is depicted as a gentle, majestic and spiritual elder, with features of
innocent tenderness, with the imprint of complete calm upon his forehead and
the deep look of a contemplator of unuttered revelations. Another main trait of
the spiritual countenance of the Apostle John is revealed through his teaching
about love, for which the title "Apostle of Love" is preeminently
designated to him. Actually, all his writings are permeated by love, the basic
concept of which leads to the comprehension, that God in His Being is Love (1
Jn. 4: 8). In his writings, Saint John dwells especially upon the
manifestations of the inexpressible love of God for the world and for mankind,
the love of his Divine Teacher. He constantly exhorts his disciples to mutual
love one for another.
The service of Love
– was the entire pathway of life of the Apostle John the Theologian.
The qualities of
calmness and profound contemplation were in him combined with an ardent
fidelity, tender and boundless love with intensity and even a certain
abruptness. From the brief indications of the Evangelists it is apparent, that
he was endowed in the highest degree with an ardent nature, and his hearty
passionateness sometimes reached such a stormy zealousness, that Jesus Christ
was compelled to give the admonishment, that it was discordant with the spirit
of the new teaching (Mk. 9: 38-40; Lk. 9: 49-50, 54‑56) and He called the
Apostle John and his brother by birth the Apostle James "Sons of
Thunder" ("Boanerges"). During this while Saint John shows scant
modesty, and besides his particular position among the Apostles as "the
disciple whom Jesus loved", he did not stand out among the other disciples
of the Saviour. The distinguishing features of his character were the observance
and sensitivity to events, permeated by a keen sense of obedience to the Will
of God. Impressions received from without rarely showed up in his word or
actions, but they penetrated deeply and powerfully into the inner life of the
holy Apostle John. Always sensitive to others, his heart ached for the
perishing. The Apostle John with pious tremulation was attentive to the
Divinely-inspired teaching of his Master, to the fulness of grace and truth, in
pure and sublime comprehending the Glory of the Son of God. No feature of the
earthly life of Christ the Saviour slipped past the penetrating gaze of the
Apostle John, nor did any event occur, that did not leave a deep impression on
his memory, since in him was concentrated all the fulness and wholeness of the
human person. The thoughts also of the Apostle John the Theologian are imbued
with suchlike an integral wholeness. The dichotomy of person did not exist for
him. In accord with his precepts, where there is not full devotion, there is
nothing. Having chosen the path to service to Christ, to the end of his life he
fulfilled it with complete and undivided devotion. The Apostle John speaks
about wholistic a devotion to Christ, about the fulness of life in Him,
wherefore also sin is considered by him not as a weakness and injury of human
nature, but as evil, as a negative principle, which is completely set in
opposition to the good (Jn. 8: 34; 1 Jn. 3: 4, 8-9). In his perspective, it is
necessary to belong either to Christ or to the devil, it is not possible to be
of a mediocre lukewarm, undecided condition (1 Jn. 2: 22, 4: 3; Rev. 3: 15-16).
Therefore he served the Lord with undivided love and self-denial, having
repudiated everything that appertains to the ancient enemy of mankind, the
enemy of truth and the father of lies (1 Jn. 2: 21-22). Just as strongly as he
loves Christ, just as strongly he contemns the Anti-Christ; just as intensely
he loves truth, with an equal intensity does he contemn falsehood, – for light
doth expel darkness (Jn. 8: 12; 12: 35-36). By the manifestation of the inner
fire of love he witnesses with the unique power of spirit about the Divinity of
Jesus Christ (Jn. 1: 1-18; 1 Jn. 5: 1-12).
To the Apostle John
was given to express the last word of the Divine Revelation (i.e. the final
book of the Holy Scripture), ushering in the most treasured mysteries of the
Divine inner life, known only to the eternal Word of God, the Only-Begotten
Truth is reflected in
his mind and in his words, wherein he senses and grasps it in his heart. He has
comprehension of eternal Truth, and as he sees it, he transmits it to his
beloved spiritual children. The Apostle John with simplicity affirms or denies
and speaks always with absolute precision (1 Jn. 1: 1). He hears the voice of
the Lord, revealing to him what He Himself hears from the Father.
The theology of the
Apostle John abolishes the borderline between the present and the future.
Looking at the present time, he does not halt at it, but transports his gaze to
the eternal in the past time and to the eternal in the future time. And
therefore he, exhorting for holiness in life, solemnly proclaims, that
"all, born of God, sin not" (1 Jn. 5: 18; 3: 9). In communion with
God the true Christian partakes of life Divine, whereby the future of mankind
is accomplished already on earth. In his explanation and disclosing of the
teaching about the Economia of salvation, the Apostle John crosses over into
the area of the eternal present, in which Heaven would co-incide with earth and
the earth would be enlightened with the Light of Heavenly Glory.
Thus did the Galilean
fisherman, this son of Zebedee, become Theologian proclaiming through
Revelation the mystery of world-existence and the fate of mankind.
The celebration on 8
May of the holy Apostle John the Theologian was established by the Church in
remembrance of the annual drawing forth on this day at the place of his burial
of fine rose ashes, which believers gathered for healing from various maladies.
The account about the life of the holy Evangelist John the Theologian is
situated under 26 September, the day of his repose.
© 1996-2001 by translator Fr. S. Janos.